What is Pixel Pitch in LED Video Wall?

Tips|Industry Information
May 28, 2024
LED video walls are installed around the world to make the space more engaging and captivating. They have an amazing visual impact in places of worship, schools, offices, and other dynamic setting. Furthermore, they are also useful in indoor and outdoor use. If you are considering installing an LED wall, the foremost feature to inquire about is the pixel pitch. It will ensure a successful project.

What is Pixel Pitch?

Pixel pitch is an important factor when deciding which white LED screen to buy. Today, we share everything with you about the pixel pitch and the associated viewing distance.
Pixel pitch means the density of the pixels or the LED clusters on a white LED screen. The feature directly impacts the resolution of the screen. Sometimes, the users may call the pixel pitch a dot pitch. The terms are interchangeable. The dot pitch is measured in millimeters from the center of the pixel to the center of the adjoined pixel.

Add a image about pixel pitch, and alt text= “pixel pitch in LED wall”

In other words, the pixel pitch implies the distance between two pixels. Therefore, a small pixel pitch means less distance between two pixels. As a result, the pixel density is high and the screen resolution is a lot better.
Line pitch, phosphorous pitch, and stripe pitch mean the same thing. It refers to the concept of the space between pixels. An excellent pixel pitch is a subjective argument because it involves your preferences and requirements.

A smaller pixel pitch means there is not a lot of distance between the pixels. You can pick a small pixel pitch for a higher resolution. However, do not confuse it with smaller pixels per inch. The term means a lower resolution. A lower PPL means there is a low density of pixels.

pixel pitch in LED wall

The Impact of Pixel Pitch on Display Quality

In gist, a smaller pixel pitch has an excellent resolution. However, it is more costly. The expenses for manufacturing and materials are a lot more for smaller screens. This is because the small pixels need a lot of clusters to produce the same display with a higher pixel density.

As a consumer, you will get the value for the white LED screen after identifying the viewing distance. The proximity factors in the fidelity where the image withholds quality. As you move away from the screen, the image starts to lose quality. Moreover, the screen becomes pixelated and unattractive.

A white LED screen with an interactive touch has a low pixel pitch. As a result, it is able to deliver crisp images and captivate the audience. In contrast, if an LED screen is installed above the viewers, then a higher pixel pitch is preferred. A smaller pixel pitch has better image quality. However, the user will not appreciate the screen if the distance is too small.

The shortest method to calculate the pixel pitch of a white LED screen is multiplying it by 10 to identify the distance. Furthermore, the retina distance refers to the measurement of the person with clear vision who will not complain of a blurry screen. You can multiply the pixel pitch by 3248 to identify the distance in millimeters.

Even though the guidelines are present, there is no hard and fast rule in calculating the viewing stance. The proximity is usually what the owner feels most comfortable in. Continue reading to discover how you can choose the right pixel pitch according to distance so as not to strain your eyes.

How to Choose the Right Pixel Pitch?

Pixel Pitch (mm) Visual Acuity Distance (ft / m) Average Comfortable Viewing Distance (ft / m)
10.00 112ft 10in / 34.38m 56ft 5in / 17.19m
9.00 101ft 6in / 30.94m 50ft 9in / 15.47m
8.00 90ft 3in / 27.50m 45ft 1in / 13.75m
7.00 78ft 11in / 24.07m 39ft 6in / 12.03m
6.00 67ft 8in / 20.63m 33ft 10in / 10.31m
5.00 56ft 5in / 17.19m 28ft 3in / 8.60m
4.00 45ft 1in / 13.75m 22ft 7in / 6.88m
3.00 33ft 10in / 10.31m 16ft 11in / 5.16m
2.75 31ft 0in / 9.45m 15ft 6in / 4.73m
2.50 28ft 2in / 8.60m 14ft 1in / 4.30m
2.25 25ft 5in / 7.74m 12ft 8in / 3.87m
2.00 22ft 7in / 6.88m 11ft 3in / 3.44m
1.75 19ft 9in / 6.02m 9ft 11in / 3.01m
1.50 16ft 11in / 5.16m 8ft 6in / 2.58m
1.25 14ft 1in / 4.30m 7ft 1in / 2.15m
1.00 11ft 3in / 3.44m 5ft 8in / 1.72m
0.75 8ft 6in / 2.58m 4ft 3in / 1.29m

Pixel Pitch in Different Types of Displays

LED displays
A preferred pixel pitch of LED displays is 4mm to 20 mm. However, a pixel pitch of 4mm is perfect for an office setting or a retail store. Most viewers are very screen. Therefore, the pixel pitch does not need to be higher. On the other hand, a 5mm to 6mm pixel pitch of LED displays in an airport is excellent for viewers. LED displays have a pixel pitch nearest to 11mm in windows. Since customers and people are already so close to the sign, the pixel pitch is not an issue.

LCD displays
LCDs are usually found on an outdoor screen with a pixel pitch of 16 to 25mm. LCD pixel pitch for a smaller sign is 16mm. However, if the retailers are seeking larger digital billboards, the ideal pixel pitch is 25 to 32mm. Since the outdoor signs are not viewed so closely, a higher pixel density will not be an issue.

OLED displays
OLED displays have a very low pixel density. Most OLED screens are huge, ranging from 55 to 65 inches. The resolution of the OLED screen is 3840 x 2160 or 4K resolution. Therefore, the pixel pitch of an OLED screen is 80.11 pixels per inch. It is equal to 0.3171 mm pixel pitch. The pixels in the OLED displays are quite large. The text and images are not as sharp when you view the OLED display closely. They are not ideal for office use, photo editing, or text work.


Picking the accurate LED wall and the associated pixel pitch does not need to be difficult. You just have to pay attention to the context and use of the project. You can inquire about the pitch according to indoor or outdoor installation. The viewing distance means how close the audience is to the screen. You do not want a blurry pixel pitch LED screen. It will disturb the budget.
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